History of Egypt

Temple of the Ramesseum

Temple of the Ramesseum



Sanctuary of the Ramesseum was worked by Ramses II the as a funerary Temple in 1304-1207 B.C, and it was committed to the God Ra. The greater part of the Temple is in an awful condition these days, or in ruins. The passage to the Temple once had two arches that have now fell. In the principal yard, of the Temple, there is just a colonnaded lobby that has survived.


Before the vestiges of the main arch, there once stood a titanic statue of Ramses that was in excess of 1000 Tons in weight and 18m high! You can in any case observe its remaining parts today.

Numerous different Kings have superimposed landmarks in the Ramesseum, for example, Mernptah and Ramses III.

The Greeks recognized this as the Temple of Memnonium (they related the titanic statue before the Temple with their legendry saint, Memnon, the child of Aurora who’s mom, Eos, was the Goddess of day break. Additionally they in some cases called it “the tomb of Ozymandias”, a name that may have be gotten from the antiquated Egypt word “Client Maat-Ra”.



This tremendous Temple later roused a lovely verse by Percy Bysshe Shelley: –

I met an explorer from an antique land who stated: Two immense and trunkless legs of stone remain in the leave. Close them, on the sand, Half sunk, a smashed appearance lies, whose grimace, And wrinkled lip, and scoff of chilly charge, Tell that its artist well those interests read, Which yet survive, stamped on these dormant things, The hand that taunted them, and the heart that sustained, And on the platform these words show up: “My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look upon my works, ye Mighty, and give up!” Nothing next to remains. Round the rot of that goliath wreck, endless and uncovered the solitary and level sands extend far away.

Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822

The Roman history specialist, Diodorus, was under the feeling that the Temple was crafted by the legendry King called Ozymandias, and his tomb was situated in there. He even give point by point depictions of the tomb of Ozymandias and portrayed the engraving that was on its passageway, which says: –

” I am Ozymandias, King of Kings. In the event that anybody would know how incredible I am and where I lie, let him outperform any of my works.”


The Temple measures 600 feet by 220 feet. The eastern arch of the Temple was the principle entrance and was once enriched with scenes of the skirmish of Kadesh, however it is in ruins today! On the conservative of the arch you will discover engravings that speak to the 118 urban areas that Ramses III had vanquished amid his military crusades. You will likewise observe scenes of detainees taken to the King. On the left wing of the arch there are scenes of the well known fight between Ramses II and the Hittites. After that you will continue onto the principal open yard, where you will see numerous harmed statues. Once there was a goliath statue of Ramses II, and at its feet, it read:

“My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look upon my works, ye Mighty, and lose hope”

In the colossal hypostyle lobby there are 29 sections that are as yet standing, the ones in the center are shorter than those on the sides to permit light into the Temple! Here, on the left side, you can see more scenes of the clash of Kadesh.

On the privilege of this lobby, and outside the dividers of the hypostyle corridor, lies a considerably more established Temple, worked by Seti I and committed to the God Amon Ra. The Second patio is in a vastly improved condition, than the first, and you can see on the two sides, two lines of Osiris sections, speaking to Ramses II. Facilitate south there is another little hypostyle lobby that once had 8 papyrus-bud segments. In here the lobby of space science is found, where the main twelfth month date-book is delineated. This lobby is brightened with scenes of offering, and scenes of the consecrated vessel of Amon Ra. On the western divider you will see Ramses II sitting under the tree of life, where the God Thoth and the Goddess Seshat are recording his name, in the leaves of the tree, for long life.

On the off chance that you go promote into the western side, there are the remnants of two vestibules that lead you to a library, cloth room and the severely demolished haven, which was committed to the God Amon Ra.

Toward the south of the Temple, Ramses II constructed an awesome mud break royal residence where he remained amid his visits to the site. Toward the south of this area, lies the little Temple of Mern-Ptah, the successor of Ramses II. In 1896, the colossal Egyptologist, William Flinders Petrie, did broad unearthings at this site.

Petrie found here an essential Stella, known as the “Israel Stella”, which contained the main reference to the “Clan of Israel”. Due to this Stella, numerous archeologists trust that Mern-Ptah is probably going to be the Pharaoh of the Exodus


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